Review Article

Sexual Perversion Leads to Laparotomy

Authors: Shahameen Aqeel , Areeba Aqeel
Year: 2021
Volume: 3
Received: Feb 15, 2021
Revised: May 28, 2021
Accepted: Jun 03, 2021
Corresponding Auhtor: Areeba Aqeel (


Insertion of objects/stuff in bodily orifice is not unusual. There are many causes of penetration of bowel with different objects inserted via anus as to achieve sexual pleasure, to satisfy lust, self-injury, malingering and human trafficking is known for centuries. There are different household products used by the people to satisfy their lust/sexual desire but the objects/stuff used for this purpose mainly cylindrical and a type of soft texture. These objects are known for potential damage to gastrointestinal tract but it also affects other parts of the body and may create different inner complications, which needs to be evaluated and managed accordingly. Sometimes, management only requires local intervention, but if complications are build up like perforation develop needs laparotomy, broad-spectrum antibiotic therapy, repair of perforation with or without colostomy.

Keywords: Perversion, foreign body, laparotomy, rectosigmoid colon, peritonitis, perforation.


Sexual perversion is a vast term used for an unnatural form of sex. Any sexual desire or practice other than heterosexual genital intercourse comes in sexual perversions. The following are some points to define sexual perversion [1]. The main concept of perversion was well defined in the nineteenth century, moreover, perversion was present before the eighteenth century but Krafft-Ebing in his book named Psychopathia Sexualis (published in 1886 in German), describes different types of perversions like sadism, masochism, fetishism, pederasty, bestiality, homosexuality, lesbian love, necrophilia, incest and so on. Havelock Ellis in his book Psychology of Sex (1897–1928), also explains auto-eroticism, Eonism (cross-dressing) and undinism (urinating and sex) [2]. According to Freud’s as defined in his article that perversion is pathological sex, in which loss of shame, disgust, fear and pain with the characteristic feature of fixation to genitals. Perversion may result from previous trauma [2, 3]. Paraphilic disorders cause long-term harm to the person itself but for society also [3]. The most common form of perversion, nowadays experience in our society is Fetishism, in which sexual desire is accomplished by a loaded object or fetish. Fetish can be anything an object or a body part that causes sexual arousal [4]. In order to satisfy the foreign body (FB)’ lust, it was started in the Sixteenth century and is more commonly seen in Europe as compared to Asia [5]. In most cases, different household objects like fruits and vegetables are used by people in order to satisfy their sexual desire and most commonly inserted in the anus.

The cases of the rectal foreign body are increasing day by day mainly in the urban population and it has been noted through the survey that the males of middle age are more commonly affected by this act. The object can be used of any size [6, 7]. There are two types of FB insertion either voluntary or involuntary. Voluntary FB is mostly used for sexual perversion but involuntary FB is mostly found in cases of rape, sexual assault and smuggling of drugs in the form of packets [8]. Patients mainly come to the emergency room with complaints of vague abdominal pain, vomiting or constipation. The main problem to diagnose a foreign body is the late presentation, which is due to guilt and feeling of shame so they are reluctant to seek any medical treatment, which results in further delay of their management and treatment [9]. In most cases, diagnosis via per rectal examination, rigid proctoscopy and X-ray abdomen and pelvis are usually helpful in identifying nature, extent, number, size and exact location of foreign body. Removal can be done mostly via tans anal but if the FB is more than 10 cm as well as fragile and sharp then it is usually removed by laparotomy [10, 11]. Eftatia et al. classified foreign bodies in the rectum as high and low lying. Those foreign bodies, which are higher in relation to the rectosigmoid colon are high and need laparotomy for their removal and those which are low lying to rectosigmoid can be removed through trans anal [12]. Due to late diagnosis and management, various complications may be developed i.e perforation, peritonitis, sepsis and death [13].


A colorectal foreign body is not much uncommon nowadays. It can be presented at any age and any ethnic group but commonly in East Europe than Asia [14]. It was firstly started in Sixteenth-century but published in 1919 [15].

According to the study conducted in 2019, by Shahid Mirani and his fellows, describe that 35% of the injuries were voluntary while 65% were involuntary. Males were predominant mainly of the 3rd and 4th decade of life and also describe that patients with intestinal obstruction and

peritonitis need exploratory laparotomy [8]. Most common reason for the insertion of a foreign body to fulfill sexual desire is approximately more than half of the cases, but other cases are for the self-treatment of constipation, hemorrhoids, psychiatric patients and other injuries. The main objects used for grafting are household products with a smooth texture and are cylindrical [16, 17]. Patients, who are presented to the emergency room with delay due to guilt or unsuccessful self attempts [18] result in further complications like perforation, contamination with feces, sepsis and hydrodynamic instability which further delay in management and may need diversion procedures [19].

Different methods are used for diagnosis first history and examination. Low lying foreign body can easily be palpable via DRE and can be removed by transanal manure but in case of high lying FB or FB with complications like perforation or peritonitis, laparotomy is necessary to save the patient life [20]. Usually, plain X.ray for the abdomen is used but to know the exact location of the foreign body, CT scan plain or contrast can be used but if the nature of FB is unknown then Magnetic Field Resonance (MRI) is strictly prohibited in the above scenario [15]. There are many techniques used to remove the rectal FB. The minimally invasive process should be used first digital or bimanual process attempted if it fails then endoscope can be used but in case of impacted FB then laparotomy is warranted [11, 21].


To conclude foreign body in the rectum is not much common nowadays. From different reports, it is transpired that more than 50% of cases are to fulfill their sexual desire [22]. Due to this sexual behavior or perversion, FB inserted in the rectum which does not only damage mucosa but also results in lacerations, tear to the anal sphincter and may result in peritonitis and perforations. Higher impacted FB requires laparotomy [23, 24].


The authors declare no conflict of interest.


Declared none.


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